Countries With Highest CO2 Emissions
Until the final decades of the 18th century, global CO2 levels were controlled and maintained by the planet’s forests, wetlands and other ecosystems. But by the end of the 18th century, this balance began to shift as mankind embarked on the first industrial revolution. Coal, railroads and land clearing all began to speed up the release of greenhouse gasses. At the same time, improved agriculture, sanitation and medicines allowed human population growth to accelerate.
Emissions of CO2 are now known to be predominantly anthropogenic, as manufacturing, heavy industry and large scale agriculture try to keep pace with a spiralling human population.
According to data from the Global Carbon Project, the following are the top five CO2 producing countries.
China: Population – 1.44 billion, CO2 emissions per year – 10,065 million tons.
United States: Population – 331 million, CO2 emissions per year – 5,416 million tons.
India: Population – 1.38 billion, CO2 emissions per year – 2,654 million tons.
Russia: Population – 146 million, CO2 emissions per year – 1,711 million tons.
Japan: Population – 126 million, CO2 emissions per year – 1,162 million tons.